Volume 11, Issue 4 (2023)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2023, 11(4): 651-657 | Back to browse issues page


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Changizi M, Mohamadian H, Shojaezadeh D. Explaining the Nutritional Behavior of Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes; Application of the Health Action Process Approach. Health Educ Health Promot 2023; 11 (4) :651-657
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-71139-en.html
1- Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Abadan University of Medical Science, Abadan, Iran
2- Department of Health Education & Promotion, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (262 Views)
Aims: Gestational diabetes is a medical complication. This study was conducted to investigate the role of HAPA in predicting diabetes control behavior and eating style in diabetic pregnant mothers referred to the healthcare centers of Abadan University of Medical Sciences (South of Iran).
Instrument & Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done on 82 subjects selected by simple random sampling in 2021. Data were analyzed using SPSS 25 software.
Findings: We found that 41.5% of mothers were in the age group of 21-30 years. Also, 43.9% were at the middle economic level. Among demographic variables, income was the strongest predictor of nutritional behavior (p=0.01, r=19.9, and β=-0.299). None of the model constructs alone predicted nutritional behavior in pregnant women. The HAPA model was able to predict 21% of the variance of the nutritional behavior among the subjects (p<0.001, r=0.210, and β=0.458).
Conclusion: Behavioral intention and action planning are effective in educating pregnant women to prevent and control diabetes.
 
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Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2023/08/18 | Accepted: 2023/11/4 | Published: 2023/11/16
* Corresponding Author Address: Faculty of Medicine, Taleghani Hospital, Nurse Boulevard, Abadan, Iran. Postal Code: 6313833177 (mrs.changizi@yahoo.com)

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