Volume 7, Issue 3 (2019)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2019, 7(3): 125-131 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khosravan S, Alami A, Mansoorian M, Kamali M. Health-Promoting Behaviors and its Related Factors in Iranian Female Household Heads Based on Pender's Model. Health Educ Health Promot 2019; 7 (3) :125-131
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-14991-en.html
1- “Social Determinants of Health Research Center” and “Community Health Nursing & Management Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- “Social Determinants of Health Research Center” and “Health Department, Public Health Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3- Community Health Nursing & Management Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4- “Student Research Committee” and “Community Health Nursing & Management Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran , kamali.m.65@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6913 Views)
Aims: Health-promoting behaviors have a major role in healthcare. The present study was conducted to assess health-promoting behaviors and its related factors in Iranian female household heads based on Pender's model.
Materials & Methods: The present cross-sectional study recruited 106 female household heads selected according to census sampling from Gonabad Health Centers, eastern Iran, from January to August in 2015. Data were collected using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II) and a researcher-made cognitive and emotional factors questionnaire based on Pender's model. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16, using descriptive and analytical tests, including ANOVA and independent student t-test.
Findings: Participants' statistical mean age was 40.16±7.21 years, and most of them (61 women, 57.5%) were widowed and the rest were divorced. The statistical mean score of health-promoting behaviors was 123.16±20.42, in moderate level, and showed significant relationships with cognitive and emotional factors of self-efficacy, barriers, and interpersonal relationships (p<0.05). Among health-promoting behaviors, spiritual growth had the highest Statistical mean score (24.91±5.3), and physical activity (12.83±3.5) and stress management (17.83±3.9) the lowest mean score.
Conclusion: Health-promoting behaviors in Iranian female household heads need improvement. The results can be used by these women and the healthcare system to identify related factors and develop interventions for modifying health-promoting lifestyles.
Full-Text [PDF 403 kb]   (2261 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Communication
Received: 2018/01/30 | Accepted: 2019/04/22 | Published: 2019/07/21
* Corresponding Author Address: Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Asian Road, Khorasan Razavi, Iran. Postal Code: 9691797852

1. Nazoktabar H, Veicy R. Socio-economic and cultural condition of women-headed households in Mazandaran province. Soc Welf. 2008;7(27):95-114. [Persian] [Link]
2. Tucker CM, Butler AM, Loyuk IS, Desmond FF, Surrency SL. Predictors of a health-promoting lifestyle and behaviors among low-income African American mothers and white mothers of chronically ill children. J Natl Med Assoc. 2009;101(2):103-10. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0027-9684(15)30821-X]
3. Eftekhari N, Payandeh A, Torabi F, Chegini T, Khosravi A, Rajabi Rostami M, et al. Health and Socioeconomic Status of Female-Headed Households. Marashi H, Translator. Statistical Research and Training Center: Tehran; 2014. [Link]
4. Pender NJ, Murdaugh CL, Parsons MA. Health promotion in nursing practice. 6th Edition. London: Pearson; 2010. [Link]
5. Solhi M, Hamedan MS, Salehi M. Relationship between quality of life of women- headed households and some related factors in Iran. Glob J Health Sci. 2016;8(10):56241. [Link] [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v8n10p250]
6. Vlassoff C. Gender differences in determinants and consequences of health and illness. J Health Popul Nutr. 2007;25(1):47-61. [Link]
7. Rimaz Sh, Dastoorpoor M, Vesali Azar Shorbeyani S, Saiepour N, Beigi Z, Nejat S. The Survey of quality of life and its related factors in female-headed households supported by Tehran Municipality, Ddistrict 9. Iran J Epidemiol. 2014;10(2):48-55. [Persian] [Link]
8. MacKian SC. What the papers say: Reading therapeutic landscapes of women's health and empowerment in Uganda. Health Place. 2008;14(1):106-15. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.05.005]
9. Norozi E, Mostafavi F, Hasanzadeh A, Moodi M, Sharifirad G. Factors affecting quality of life in postmenopausal women, Isfahan, 2011. J Educ Health Promot. 2013;2:58. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/2277-9531.120857]
10. Schatz E, Madhavan S, Williams J. Female-headed households contending with AIDS-related hardship in rural South Africa. Health Place. 2011;17(2):598-605. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.12.017]
11. Motlagh Z, Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad SS, Momayyezi M. Study of Health-promotion behaviors among university of medical science students. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011;13(4):29-34. [Persian] [Link]
12. Khosravan Sh, Salehi Sh, Ahmadi F, Sharif F. A qualitative study of the impact of spousal death on changed parenting practices of iranian single-parent widows. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2010;12(4):388-95. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2010.00522.x]
13. Rezaei MA, Mohammadinia N, Samaiezadeh Toosi T. Problems of Female-headed households in Sistan Baluchistan province, Iran. J Res Health. 2013;3(3):452-7. [Link]
14. Arzu D, Tuzun EH, Eker L. Perceived barriers to physical activity in university students. J Sports Sci Med. 2006;5(4):615-20. [Link]
15. Berkman LF, Zheng Y, Glymour MM, Avendano M, Börsch-Supan A, Sabbath EL. Mothering alone: Cross-national comparisons of later-life disability and health among women who were single mothers. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015;69(9):865-72. [Link] [DOI:10.1136/jech-2014-205149]
16. Walker SN, Sechrist KR, Pender NJ. The health-promotion lifestyle profile: Development and psychometric characteristics. Nurs Res. 1987;36(2):76-81. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/00006199-198703000-00002]
17. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Pakpour Hajiagha A, Mohammadi Zeidi B. Reliability and validity of Persian version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;21(1):102-13. [Link]
18. Kara B, İşcan B. Predictors of health behaviors in Turkish female nursing students. Asian Nurs Res. 2016;10(1):75-81. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.anr.2015.12.001]
19. McCullagh MC, Ronis DL, Lusk SL. Predictors of use of hearing protection among a representative sample of farmers. Res Nurs Health. 2010;33(6):528-38. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/nur.20410]
20. Kalroozi F, Pishgooie AH, Taheriyan A. Health-promoting behaviors in employed nurses in selected military hospitals. J Health Promot Manag. 2015;4(2):7-15. [Link] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.mcs.1.2.73]
21. Pender NJ, Murdaugh CL, Parsons MA. Health promotion in nursing practice. 7th Edition. New Jersey: Pearson; 2015. [Link]
22. Rezaei Ghadi Kh. Empowerment Indexes in Female-headed households. Second Conference on the Empowerment and Empowerment of Female Headed Households, 2009 Jun 29-30, Iran, Tehran. Tehran: Municipality of Tehran, Department of Women's Affairs; 2009. [Persian] [Link]
23. Rafii F, Seyedfatemi N, Rezaei M. Factors involved in Iranian women heads of household's health promotion activities: A grounded theory study. Open Nurs J. 2013;7:133-41. [Link] [DOI:10.2174/1874434601307010133]
24. Garousi S, Shabestari S. Investigate the relationship between social capital and mental health among female-headed households in Kerman. J Iran Soc Stud. 2012;5(1):99-123. [Persian] [Link]
25. Johnson RL. Gender differences in health-promoting lifestyles of African Americans. Public Health Nurs. 2005;22(2):130-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.0737-1209.2005.220206.x]
26. Carreño J, Vyhmeister G, Grau L, Ivanovic D. A health promotion programme in Adventist and non-adventist women based on Penders Model: A pilot study. Public Health. 2006;120(4):346-55. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2005.08.023]
27. Abbasian L, Abbasi M, Shamsy Goshki E, Memariani Z. Survey of the Spiritual knowledge and its role in disease prevention: A pilot study. Medical Ethic. 2010;4(14):83-104. [Link]
28. Akbari Lakeh M, Shamsi Gooshki E, Abbasi M. Spiritual health in the program of medical science education. Medical Ethic. 2012;4(14):113-30. [Link]
29. Wittayapun Y, Tanasirirug V, Butsripoom B, Ekpanyaskul C. Factors Affecting Health-promoting Behaviors in Nursing Students of the Faculty of Nursing, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand. J Public Health. 2010;40(2):215-25. [Link]
30. Samiei Siboni F, Alimoradi Z, Sadegi T. Impact of corrective life style educational program on controlling stress, anxiety, and depression in hypertensive. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2013;19(6):1-9. [Persian] [Link]
31. Pirincci E, Rahman S, Durmus AB, Erdem R. Factors affecting health-promoting behaviors in academic staff. J Public Health. 2008;122(11):1261-3. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2008.04.006]
32. Coleman CL. Health belief and high-risk sexual behaviors among HIV- infected African American men. Appl Nurs Res. 2007;20(3):110-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2007.04.003]
33. Buglar ME, White KM, Robinson NG. The role of self-efficacy in dental patients' brushing and flossing: Testing an extended Health Belief Model. Patient Educ Couns. 2010;78(2):269-72. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pec.2009.06.014]
34. Vakili M, Rahaei Z, Nadrian H, Yarmohammadi P. Determinants of oral health behaviors among high school students in Shahrekord, Iran based on Health Promotion Model. J Dental Hyg. 2011;85(1):39-48. [Link]
35. Thanavaro JL, Moore SM, Anthony M, Narsavage G, Delicath T. Predictors of health promotion behavior in women without prior history of coronary heart disease. Appl Nurs Res. 2006;19(3):149-55. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2005.07.006]
36. Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Amin-Shokravi F, Hidarnia A, Jabbari Nooghabid H. A Survey on the effects of the pender's Health Promotion Model on prediction of the employees' physical activity. Health Educ Health Promot. 2013;1(1):51-66. [Link]
37. Rajabi-Gilan N, Ghasemi SR, Reshadat S, Zangeneh A. Happiness in health sector personnel, Some demographic and occupational related factors. J Isfahan Med Sch. 2015;32(309):1897-906. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.