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Khosravan S, Alami A, Mansoorian M, Kamali M. Health-Promoting Behaviors and its Related Factors in Iranian Female Household Heads Based on Pender's Model. HEHP. 2019; 7 (3) :1-7
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-5-14991-en.html
1- “Social Determinants of Health Research Center” and “Community Health Nursing & Management Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- “Social Determinants of Health Research Center” and “Health Department, Public Health Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3- Community Health Nursing & Management Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4- “Student Research Committee” and “Community Health Nursing & Management Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran , kamali.m.65@gmail.com
Abstract:   (101 Views)
Aims: Health-promoting behaviors have a major role in healthcare. The present study was conducted to assess health-promoting behaviors and its related factors in Iranian female household heads based on Pender's model.
Materials & Methods: The present cross-sectional study recruited 106 female household heads selected according to census sampling from Gonabad Health Centers, eastern Iran, from January to August in 2015. Data were collected using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II) and a researcher-made cognitive and emotional factors questionnaire based on Pender's model. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16, using descriptive and analytical tests, including ANOVA and independent student t-test.
Findings: Participants' statistical mean age was 40.16±7.21 years, and most of them (61 women, 57.5%) were widowed and the rest were divorced. The statistical mean score of health-promoting behaviors was 123.16±20.42, in moderate level, and showed significant relationships with cognitive and emotional factors of self-efficacy, barriers, and interpersonal relationships (p<0.05). Among health-promoting behaviors, spiritual growth had the highest Statistical mean score (24.91±5.3), and physical activity (12.83±3.5) and stress management (17.83±3.9) the lowest mean score.
Conclusion: Health-promoting behaviors in Iranian female household heads need improvement. The results can be used by these women and the healthcare system to identify related factors and develop interventions for modifying health-promoting lifestyles.
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Received: 2018/01/30 | Accepted: 2019/04/22 | Published: 2019/07/21

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