Volume 12, Issue 2 (2024)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2024, 12(2): 1009-10012 | Back to browse issues page

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Suharti S, Daryono D, Dewi M, Masyitah D. Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Children and Adolescent: Systematic Review. Health Educ Health Promot 2024; 12 (2) :1009-10012
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-72942-en.html
1- , atiksuharti234@gmail.com
Abstract:   (285 Views)
Aim. Diabetes mellitus stands out as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among pediatric patients. Presently, the existing body of work indicates that efforts aimed at preventing diabetes in youngsters and teenagers have not yielded successful outcomes. This lack of success could be linked to unclearly defined risk factors. Scientific findings propose a correlation between diabetes and a combination of factors that can be modified and those that cannot be altered.
Aim to evaluate through a systematic review the risk factors associated with diabetes among children and adolescent.
Material ad Methods. Literatur search conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane library, Medline databases. A search filter composed of various items including Diabetes Mellitus, T1DM, T2DM, Child, Adolescent.
Results. The initial database search retrieved 9,949 articles. Ultimately, only 15 studies met the criteria and will proceed to the next stage for extraction and analysis. Berdasarkan hasil analisis yang dilakukan pada studi-studi yang eligible, ditemukan berbagai variasi yang berkaitan dengan factor resiko kejadian Diabetes pada anak dan remaja yang dikategorisasi menjadi Non-modifiable dan Modifiable risk factors. Yang termasuk kedalam non-modifiable factors including family history of DM, Ethnicity Gender, and Age. Additionally, maternal pregnancy and unmarried parents were found to contribute to the incidence of DM in children. Yang termasuk kedalam Modifiable risk factors including Obesity, Sedentary life behavior, Physical activity, smoking history, and dietary.
Conclusion: Family history of DM dan Obesitas merupakan factor resiko yang dominan diantara studi-studi yang eligible. Ada keterkaitan erat antar factor resiko modifiable dan non-modifiable.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Social Determinants of Health
Received: 2023/12/14 | Accepted: 2024/04/5 | Published: 2024/06/21

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