Volume 12, Issue 1 (2024)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2024, 12(1): 119-124 | Back to browse issues page

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Zamanlu E, Sadooghiasl A, Kazemnejad A. Effectiveness of a Designed Educational Intervention on the Rate of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnant Women; A Randomized Clinical Trial. Health Educ Health Promot 2024; 12 (1) :119-124
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-72482-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (374 Views)
Aims: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a specially designed educational intervention on the rate of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnant women.
Materials & Methods: This two-arm parallel randomized clinical trial was conducted in 2020 in Khoy, West Azerbaijan, Iran. The study population included all pregnant women diagnosed with IDA. IDA was determined through laboratory tests. A total of 200 participants were selected using a simple random method. Using the quadruple block allocation method, participants were divided into two groups: an intervention group (n=100) and a control group (n=100). The control group received standard care. The intervention group participated in a program consisting of four 45-to-55-minute training sessions over four weeks. Each session included lectures, educational videos, question-and-answer segments, small group discussions, and individual counseling. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests with SPSS version 16.
Findings: The age, education, employment status, health status, and gestational age of participants in both groups were similar (p>0.05). Additionally, the results of the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests indicated that the designed program significantly affected the reduction of IDA among participants, particularly among those with diabetes (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The designed educational intervention is effective in reducing IDA among pregnant women.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2023/12/17 | Accepted: 2024/04/5 | Published: 2024/04/15
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Highway, Jalal Al Ahmed Highway, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 14115-331 (a.sadooghi@modares.ac.ir)

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