Volume 11, Issue 4 (2023)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2023, 11(4): 635-640 | Back to browse issues page


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Barkati H, Rakhshanderou S, Mehrabi Y, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Hosseinzadeh H, Daneshvar S, et al . Psychological Determinants of Hand Hygiene Intentions and Behaviors of Nursing Staff Using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Health Educ Health Promot 2023; 11 (4) :635-640
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-71341-en.html
1- Department of Community Health and Geriatric Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- “Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Safety” and “Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences”, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- “Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing and Basic Sciences, School of Nursing & Midwifery” and “Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute”, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Health Promotion, School of Health and Society, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
6- Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Health, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (315 Views)
Aims: The present study aimed to identify the predictors of hand hygiene intention and behavior among nurses using the theory of planned behavior (TPB).
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on nurses working in a public hospital in Tehran in 2016-2017. In total, 196 nurses were enrolled in this study and selected through random sampling. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire guided by TPB. The validity of the questionnaire was measured using the opinions of 14 scholars and professors. The content validity ratio was measured based on the Lawshi method and the content validity index was measured based on Waltz and Basel method. The test-retest and internal consistency were used to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software 16.0 and statistical tests, including multiple regression analysis.
Findings: The attitude toward hand hygiene (p<0.001) and perceived subjective norms (p=0.012) were correlated with nurses’ intentions to hand hygiene. This set explained 56% of the variance in intention to hand hygiene. In addition, Perceived behavioral control was found as the strongest predictor of hand hygiene behavior (p<0.001), which together with subjective norms and intention could predict individuals’ behavior (R2=0.52).
Conclusion: The constructs of the TPB have predictability regarding hand hygiene behavior.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2023/09/1 | Accepted: 2023/11/8 | Published: 2023/11/16
* Corresponding Author Address: School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Daneshjou Street, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 19835-35511 (mohtashamghaffari@sbmu.ac.ir)

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