Volume 11, Issue 4 (2023)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2023, 11(4): 531-537 | Back to browse issues page

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Mayih Dakhil M, Shirinabadi Farahani A, Nourian M, Nasiri M, Babaie M. Quality of Self-Care in Adolescents with Major Thalassemia Referred to Selected Thalassemia Centers in Iran. Health Educ Health Promot 2023; 11 (4) :531-537
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-71056-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Anesthesiology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (467 Views)
Aims: Adolescents who suffer from chronic diseases, such as major thalassemia are more susceptible to physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, educational, and social self-care failure. These factors are generally more likely to be overcome if affected adolescents have a high level of self-care. This study aimed to assess self-care quality in adolescents with major thalassemia.
Instrument & Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 200 adolescents with major thalassemia selected by convenience sampling. The Self-Care Assessment Questionnaire (SCAQ) with 52 items in six dimensions was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and ANOVA.
Findings: There was no significant relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and the dimensions of self-care in participants. Adolescents with major thalassemia were found with a high score of quality of self-care. The highest mean scores were related to the dimensions of “emotional/mental self-care (2.44±0.64)”, “social self-care (2.08±0.61)”, and “spiritual self-care (2.07±0.62)”, respectively.
Conclusion: It is recommended that this issue be investigated in other adolescent patients, considering the importance of self-care and its effects on various aspects of quality of life in chronic diseases. Also, planning and implementing patient education is another important management measure to promote self-care in these adolescents.
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Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Quality of Life
Received: 2023/08/14 | Accepted: 2023/10/3 | Published: 2023/10/18
* Corresponding Author Address: Opposite to Rajaee Heart Hospital, Cross of Vali-Asr Avenue and Hashemi Rafsanjani (Neiaiesh) Highway, Vali-Asr Avenue, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 1919973361 (farahani1381@yahoo.com)

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