Volume 10, Issue 4 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(4): 771-778 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yunus S, Mohamed M, Fauzi M, Marimuthu G, Anuar M, Ithnain N et al . Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice towards COVID-19; A Community Survey in North-Borneo (Sabah), Malaysia. Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (4) :771-778
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-64139-en.html
1- National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia
2- Faculty of Psychology & Education, University Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
3- Department of Medical Social Work, University Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia
4- Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciene, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
Abstract:   (979 Views)
Aims: The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted the global economy as well as the healthcare delivery systems. Without effective treatment and vaccines in the earlier phase of the pandemic, the public needs to engage in precautionary behaviors and disease surveillance and response at the policy level. This study aimed to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice toward COVID-19 among the residents in Sabah, Malaysia.
Instruments & Methods: An online cross-sectional study was conducted using convenience sampling from March to April 2020. The chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used to examine the association factors of knowledge, attitude, and practice towards the COVID-19 pandemic.
Findings: A total of 536 participants completed the questionnaire. The mean knowledge score was 10.1±1.2, and 84.2% had a correct rate of knowledge. The attitude towards the final success in controlling COVID-19 was significantly different in age groups, marital status, and occupation types (p<0.05). Those with higher knowledge scores were more likely to agree with the confidence of the final success in controlling COVID-19. 94.4% were confident that Malaysia will win the battle against the COVID-19 pandemic. People in government sectors were 6.19 times more likely to wear masks than unemployed respondents.
Conclusion: The level of knowledge of the residents in Sabah, Malaysia, about COVID-19 is quite satisfactory. Meanwhile, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 differ according to the socio-demography of the population in Sabah.
Full-Text [PDF 1411 kb]   (814 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (158 Views)  
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Literacy
Received: 2022/09/11 | Accepted: 2022/11/13 | Published: 2022/12/11
* Corresponding Author Address: Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Postal Code: 88400 (haazik@ums.edu.my)

1. World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization 2020 [cited 2022 Feb 8]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news/item/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov) [Link]
2. World Health Organization. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020 [cited 2022 Oct 15]. Available from: https://covid19.who.int/ [Link]
3. Ministry of Health Malaysia. COVIDNOW [Internet]. Malaysia: Ministry Of Health Malaysia [cited 2022 Feb 3]. Available from: https://covidnow.moh.gov.my/ [Link]
4. Pfordten D, Ahmad R. Covid-19: Cases up by 2,875 bringing total to 384,688 [Internet]. Malaysia: The Star; 2021 [cited 2022 Oct 15]. Available from: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/03/23/covid-19-current-situation-in-malaysia-updated-daily [Link]
5. Sazali MF, Rahim SSSA, Mohamed MH, Omar A, Pang NTP, Jeffree MS, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Covid-19 among Students during the Early Phase of Pandemic in a University in Borneo, Malaysia. J Public Health Res. 2021;10(3):2122 [Link] [DOI:10.4081/jphr.2021.2122]
6. Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia. Movement control order: FAQ & Info [Internet]. Putrajaya: Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia, Official Website; 2020 [cited 2020 Apr 27]. Available from: https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/03/movement-control-order-faq-info/ [Link]
7. Ministry of Health Malaysia. Movement Control Order (MCO) [Internet]. Malaysia: Ministry of Health Malaysia [cited 2021 Feb 2021]. Available from: http://covid-19.moh.gov.my/faqsop/sop-perintah-kawalan-pergerakan-pkp [Link]
8. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Weekly epidemiological update and weekly operational update [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020 [cited 2022 Feb 2022]. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200304-sitrep-44-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=783b4c9d_2 [Link]
9. Lee M, You M. Psychological and behavioral responses in South Korea during the early stages of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(9):2977. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17092977]
10. De Man J, Campbell L, Tabana H, Wouters E. The pandemic of online research in times of COVID-19. BMJ Open. 2021;11(2):e043866. [Link] [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043866]
11. Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745-52. [Link] [DOI:10.7150/ijbs.45221]
12. Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLoS One. 2020;15(5):e0233668. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0233668]
13. Chai CS, Ng DL, Chua WJ, Tung YZ, Sindeh W, Ibrahim MA, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practices among the general population during the later stage of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2022;15:389-401. [Link] [DOI:10.2147/RMHP.S349798]
14. Alremeithi HM, Alghefli AK, Almadhani R, Baynouna AlKetbi LM. Knowledge, attitude, and practices toward SARS-COV-2 infection in the United Arab Emirates population: An online community-based cross-sectional survey. Front Public Health. 2021;9:687628. [Link] [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2021.687628]
15. Devkota HR, Sijali TR, Bogati R, Clarke A, Adhikary P, Karkee R. How does public knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors correlate in relation to COVID-19? A community-based cross-sectional study in Nepal. Front Public Health. 2021;8:589372. [Link] [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2020.589372]
16. Muslih M, Susanti HD, Rias YA, Chung MH. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of Indonesian residents toward COVID-19: A cross-sectional survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(9):4473. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18094473]
17. Yang J, Zheng Y, Gou X, Pu K, Chen Z, Guo Q, et al. Prevalence of comorbidities and its effects in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;94:91-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.017]
18. Ferdous MZ, Islam MS, Sikder MT, Mosaddek ASM, Zegarra-Valdivia JA, Gozal D. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh: An online-based cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2020;15(10):e0239254. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0239254]
19. Cao J, Hu X, Cheng W, Yu L, Tu WJ, Liu Q. Clinical features and short-term outcomes of 18 patients with corona virus disease 2019 in intensive care unit. Intensive Care Med. 2020;46(5):851-3. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00134-020-05987-7]
20. Simanjorang C, Tooy GC, Wuaten G, Pangandaheng N. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among North Sulawesi Indonesia residents. J Health Educ. 2021;6(2):57-64. [Link] [DOI:10.15294/jhe.v6i2.42869]
21. Maaravi Y, Levy A, Gur T, Confino D, Segal S. "The tragedy of the commons": How individualism and collectivism affected the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Front Public Health. 2021;9:627559. [Link] [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2021.627559]
22. Desalegn Z, Deyessa N, Teka B, Shiferaw W, Hailemariam D, Addissie A, et al. COVID-19 and the public response: Knowledge, attitude and practice of the public in mitigating the pandemic in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2021;16(1):e0244780. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0244780]
23. Nga JLH, Ramlan WK, Naim S. Covid-19 pandemic and unemployment in Malaysia: A case study from Sabah. Cosmop Civ Soci Interdiscip J. 2021;13(2):73-90. [Link] [DOI:10.5130/ccs.v13.i2.7591]
24. Masoud AT, Zaazouee MS, Elsayed SM, Ragab KM, Kamal EM, Alnasser YT, et al. KAP-COVIDGLOBAL: a multinational survey of the levels and determinants of public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19. BMJ Open. 2021;11(2):e043971. [Link] [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043971]
25. Mohamad E, Tham JS, Ayub SH, Hamzah MR, Hashim H, Azlan AA. Relationship between COVID-19 information sources and attitudes in battling the pandemic among the Malaysian public: Cross-sectional survey study. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(11):e23922. [Link] [DOI:10.2196/23922]
26. Sakr S, Ghaddar A, Sheet I, Eid AH, Hamam B. Knowledge, attitude and practices related to COVID-19 among young Lebanese population. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):653. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s12889-021-10575-5]
27. Siddiquea BN, Shetty A, Bhattacharya O, Afroz A, Billah B. Global epidemiology of COVID-19 knowledge, attitude and practice: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2021;11(9):e051447 [Link] [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-051447]
28. Adli I, Widyahening IS, Lazarus G, Phowira J, Baihaqi LA, Ariffandi B, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice related to the COVID-19 pandemic among undergraduate medical students in Indonesia: A nationwide cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2022;17(1):e0262827. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0262827]
29. Al-Hussami M, El-Hneiti M, Bani Salameh A, Abu Sharour L, Al-Hussami R. Knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward COVID-19 among Jordanian residents during the quarantine period of the COVID-19 pandemic: A national survey. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2021;16(4):1438-46. [Link] [DOI:10.1017/dmp.2021.34]
30. Lee M, Kang BA, You M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in South Korea. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(295):1-10. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s12889-021-10285-y]
31. Lim JL, Ong CY, Xie B, Low LL. Estimating information seeking-behaviour of public in Malaysia during COVID-19 by using Google Trends. Malays J Med Sci. 2020;27(5):202-4. [Link] [DOI:10.21315/mjms2020.27.5.16]
32. Ganasegeran K, Ch'ng ASH, Looi I. COVID-19 in Malaysia: Crucial measures in critical times. J Glob Health. 2020 Dec;10(2):020333. [Link] [DOI:10.7189/jogh.10.020333]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.