Volume 10, Issue 4 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(4): 649-656 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saadoon N, Kadum S, Ali L. Knowledge and Attitudes of Healthcare Workers regarding Medical Waste Management in Hospitals of Al-Najaf Province. Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (4) :649-656
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-62791-en.html
1- College of Health & Medical Technology, Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq
Abstract:   (1220 Views)
Aims: This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of healthcare workers on medical waste management and determine the relationship between the socio-demographic characteristics of healthcare workers with their knowledge and attitudes at public hospitals.
Instrument & Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the public hospitals of Al-Najaf, Iraq. The study includes 443 participants (93 medical staff, 310 paramedical staff, and 40 housekeeping staff) collected from 2nd January until 31st March 2022 using a researcher made questionnaire. Analysis of data carried out using SPSS 25.
Findings: The study was conducted on 443 participants with a mean±SD age of 29.18 ±7.68 years. The age group 20-29 years had the highest percentage (69.1%), females (58.9%) represented the studied sample compared to males (41.1%). The highest percentage of the studied sample had Baccalaureate certification (44%) and a period of experience of 1-5 years (62.98%). The majority of the studied sample were paramedical staff (70%). Regarding training on medical waste management, the majority of them (69.1%) did not undergo any training program. In general, the overall assessment of participants’ knowledge about medical waste management was 69.9% fair, 25.1% good, and 4.9% poor knowledge, while about attitudes, 51.9% had good attitudes, 46.7% had fair attitudes, and (1.4%) had poor attitudes.
Conclusion: The current study concluded that only 25.1% of healthcare workers had good knowledge of medical waste management, and about half of them 51.9% had a good attitude. The good knowledge and attitude of paramedical staff were higher than medical and housekeeping staff.
Full-Text [PDF 1313 kb]   (1890 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (170 Views)  
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Promotion Setting
Received: 2022/05/5 | Accepted: 2022/07/20 | Published: 2022/09/11
* Corresponding Author Address: College of Health & Medical Technology, Middle Technical University, Bab Al Mu'adham street, Baghdad, Iraq. (naseembasimsaadoon@gmail.com)

References
1. Hasan ZA, Abdul-Wahid SA, Al-Musawi AA. Assessment of health care staff knowledge regarding medical waste management in Basrah hospitals. Turk J Physiother Rehabil. 2021;32:3. [Link]
2. Awad AA, Al Bajari F. Environmental impacts of medical waste treatment and management by burning inside health facilities. Int J Civ Eng Technol. 2018;9(5):41-53. [Link]
3. Al Naemi H, Izuka K, Edquibal C, Al-Korbi N, Al Kuwari N, Al Homaid M. Quantitative assessment of medical waste management in Hamad medical corporation-Qatar. Occup Dis Environ Med. 2021;9(3):112-26. [Link] [DOI:10.4236/odem.2021.93009]
4. Parida A, Capoor MR, Bhowmik KT. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of bio-medical waste management rules, 2016; bio-medical waste management (amendment) rules, 2018; and solid waste rules, 2016, among health-care workers in a tertiary care setup. J Lab Physicians. 2019;11(4):292-9. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/JLP.JLP_88_19]
5. Maamari O, Brandam C, Lteif R, Salameh D. Health care waste generation rates and patterns: the case of Lebanon. Waste Manag. 2015;43:550-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2015.05.005]
6. Abdulsamad Q. Evaluation of hospitals waste management process, the case study of Duhok city. J Duhok Univ. 2021;24:88-106. [Link] [DOI:10.26682/sjuod.2021.24.1.11]
7. Sarkees AN. The assessment of nurses' knowledge about health care waste management. Polytech J. 2018;8(2):35-43. [Link] [DOI:10.25156/ptj.2018.8.2.218]
8. Al-nakkash IAH, Al-hiyaly SAK, Faraj BH, Kasim SA. Assessment of health care waste management (HCWM) in Iraq; effects and control. Int J Innov Sci Res Technol. 2019;4(5). [Link]
9. Singh N, Ogunseitan OA, Tang Y. Medical waste: current challenges and future opportunities for sustainable management. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol. 2022;52(11):2000-22. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/10643389.2021.1885325]
10. Ye J, Song Y, Liu Y, Zhong Y. Assessment of medical waste generation, associated environmental impact, and management issues after the outbreak of COVID-19: a case study of the Hubei province in China. PLoS One. 2022;17(1):e0259207. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0259207]
11. Soyam GC, Hiwarkar PA, Kawalkar UG, Soyam VC, Gupta VK. KAP study of bio-medical waste management among health care workers in Delhi. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2017;4:9. [Link] [DOI:10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20173840]
12. Alrikabi NK, Almosherefawi OJ. Reality analysis of the state of spatial distribution of green areas using geographic information systems (GIS) - the holy city of Najaf as a case study. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2021;754:012009. [Link] [DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/754/1/012009]
13. Jalal SM, Akhter F, Abdelhafez AI, Alrajeh AM. Assessment of knowledge, practice and attitude about biomedical waste management among healthcare professionals during COVID-19 crises in Al-Ahsa. Healthcare. 2021;9(6):747. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/healthcare9060747]
14. Nagaraju B, Padmavathi GV, Puranik DS, Shantharaj MP, Sampulatha SP. A study to assess the knowledge and practice on bio-medical waste management among the health care providers working in PHCs of Bagepalli Taluk with the view to prepare informational booklet. Int J Med Biomed Res. 2013;2:1. [Link] [DOI:10.14194/ijmbr.216]
15. Khan MJ, Hamza MA, Zafar B, Mehmod R, Mushtaq S. Knowledge, attitude and practices of health care staff regarding hospital waste handling in tertiary care hospitals of Muzaffarabad, AJK, Pakistan. Int J Sci Rep. 2017;3(7):220. [Link] [DOI:10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20173094]
16. Hakim SA, Mohsen A, Bakr I. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of health-care personnel towards waste disposal management at Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo. East Mediterr Health J. 2014;20(5):347-54. [Link] [DOI:10.26719/2014.20.5.347]
17. Mohamed HH, Abd El-Kader RG, Al-Wehedy Ibrahim A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of health care personnel about medical waste management in selected family health centers in Mansoura, Egypt. Int J Innov Res Med Sci. 2019;4:349. [Link] [DOI:10.23958/ijirms/vol04-i06/668]
18. Mohammed SM, Othman N, Hussein AH, Rashid KJ. Knowledge, attitude and practice of health care workers in Sulaimani health facilities in relation to medical waste management. Kurdistan J Appl Res. 2017;2(2):143-150. [Link] [DOI:10.24017/science.2017.2.21]
19. Deress T, Jemal M, Girma M, Adane K. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of waste handlers about medical waste management in Debre Markos town healthcare facilities, northwest Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2019;12:146. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s13104-019-4174-7]
20. Abrol A, Mahajan S, Chauhan M, Kumar N. Awareness and practices regarding biomedical waste management among health care workers in a tertiary care hospital in Himachal Pradesh. Indian J Microbiol Res. 2019;6(1):92-6. [Link] [DOI:10.18231/2394-5478.2019.0019]
21. Indupalli AS, Motakpalli K, Giri PA, Ahmed BN. Knowledge, attitude & practices regarding biomedical waste management amongst nursing staff of Khaja Banda Nawaz institute of medical sciences, Kalburgi, Karnataka. Natl J Community Med. 2015;6(4):562-5. [Link]
22. Basu M, Das P, Pal R. Assessment of future physicians on biomedical waste management in a tertiary care hospital of WEST Bengal. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2012;3(1):38-42. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/0976-9668.95945]
23. Akkajit P, Romin H, Assawadithalerd M. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice in respect of medical waste management among healthcare workers in clinics. J Environ Public Health. 2020;2020:8745472. [Link] [DOI:10.1155/2020/8745472]
24. AL Arbash HA, Mahmood SE, Sayyad Y. Knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare workers regarding bio-medical waste of COVID-19 in Aseer Region, KSA. Int J Pharm Res. 2021;13(2). [Link] [DOI:10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.02.224]
25. Karmakar N, Datta SS, Datta A, Nag K. A cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice of biomedical waste management by healthcare personnel in a tertiary care hospital of Agartala, Tripura. Natl J Res Community Med. 2016;5:189-195. [Link]
26. Mishra S, Sahu C, Mahananda MR. Study on knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of bio-medical waste Management at Veer Surendra Sai institute of medical science and research (VIMSAR), Burla. Int J Emerg Res Manag Technol. 2015;4(11):2278. [Link]
27. Alwabr GMA, Al-Salehi KAS. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical waste management among healthcare staff in dental clinics of Sana'a city, Yemen. J Health Sci Res. 2020;5(2):84-90. [Link]
28. Mehta TK, Shah PD, Tiwari KD. A knowledge, attitude and practice study of biomedical waste management and bio-safety among healthcare workers in a tertiary care government hospital in western India. Natl J Community Med. 2018;9:5. [Link]
29. Letho Z, Yangdon T, Lhamo C, Limbu CB, Yoezer S, Jamtsho T, et al. Awareness and practice of medical waste management among healthcare providers in national referral hospital. PLoS One. 2021;16(1):e0243817. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0243817]
30. Khan Haali, Alshukri AS. Evaluation of environmental and health risks related with the management of medical waste in Najaf city. J Eng Sci Technol. 2020;15(6):4383-91. [Link]
31. Mensoor MK. Medical waste management in Iraq: a case study of Baghdad. Waste Dispos Sustain Energy. 2020;2(4):329-35. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s42768-020-00055-8]
32. Fatima MK. Evaluation of medical solid wastes management in some hospitals in Najaf city/Iraq. Kufa J Eng. 2016;7:3. [Link]
33. Olaifa A, Govender RD, Ross AJ. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of healthcare workers about healthcare waste management at a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal. South Afr Fam Pract. 2018;60(5):137-45. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/20786190.2018.1432137]
34. Al Balushi AY, Ullah MM, Ali Al Makhamri A, Sulieman Al AlawiF, Khalid M, Masaud Al Ghafri H. Knowledge, attitude and practice of biomedical waste management among health care personnel in a secondary care hospital of Al Buraimi governorate, Sultanate of Oman. Glob J Health Sci. 2018;10:3. [Link] [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v10n3p70]
35. Rudraswamy S, Sampath N, Doggalli N. Staff's attitude regarding hospital waste management in the dental college hospitals of Bangalore city, India. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2012;16(2):75-8. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/0019-5278.107077]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.