Volume 10, Issue 4 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(4): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

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nazari M, shafiei M H, Ghahremani L. Assessment of the impact of an educational intervention through campaign on cancer-induced health anxiety and the level of participation of middle-aged people in colorectal cancer screening using the health belief model. Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (4) :1-10
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-60090-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Department of Health Promotion, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Razi Ave., P.O.Box: 7153675541, Shiraz, IRAN. , manazari@sums.ac.ir
2- Student Research Committee, Department of Health Promotion, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Razi Ave., P.O.Box: 7153675541, Shiraz, IRAN.
Abstract:   (148 Views)
Abstrac
Background and Aim: Colorectal cancer is a global health problem, but most of these patients can be treated through early diagnosis. The impact of an education-based intervention through campaign on health anxiety was examined. The participants were middle-aged people (50-70 years of age) in colorectal cancer screening on the basis of health belief.
Methods: A quasi-experimental work was conducted on 390 people in age range 50-70 years in Parsian in 2021. The participants were selected using convenience sampling. Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS) and Health Anxiety Questionnaire were employed for data gathering. The educational intervention was performed as a campaign through an educational video clip and a banner for four weeks. Data analyses were done in SPSS 26 and utilizing paired t-test, independent t-test, descriptive statistics, and analysis of covariance. (P<0.05>.
Results: The paired t-test results indicated that the intervention and control groups were significantly different in terms of the mean scores of the Health Belief Model scales (perceived self-efficacy, knowledge, perceived severity, perceived sensitivity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and action guide) and the Health Anxiety Questionnaire (outcome of disease and probability of disease) following the intervention.
Conclusion: The results showed that the constructs of the Health Belief Model were good determinants of the action of high-risk individuals to perform the fecal occult blood test. This highlighted the need for implementing comprehensive educational programs focusing on the constructs of the Health Belief Model in this population.

 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2022/03/6 | Accepted: 2022/07/27 | Published: 2022/09/1

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