Volume 10, Issue 4 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(4): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

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Yasamani K, khalkhali H R, Farrokh Eslamlou H R, didarloo A. Determinants of COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors among Women of Reproductive Age Using a Behavior Change Model in 2021. Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (4) :1-10
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-59074-en.html
1- Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmai, Iran
3- Department of Public Health,University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , adidarloo@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (141 Views)
Aims: COVID-19 is a new viral disease that threatens public health. Due to the lack of access to proven treatment and the definitive inability of vaccines to prevent the infection, the only way to deal with it is to adopt preventive behaviors. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the determinants of COVID-19 preventive behaviors among women of reproductive age in Urmia using a behavior change model.
Instrument and Methods: The present descriptive-analytical study examined 400 women selected by the snowball and convenience sampling method. Data were collected using a valid and reliable electronic researcher-made questionnaire consisting of four sections (demographic characteristics, knowledge, model constructs, and preventive behaviors) and analyzed by the descriptive and inferential statistical methods.
Findings: There was a positive correlation between COVID-19 preventive behaviors with self-efficacy (p<0.001, r=0.68), knowledge (p<0.001, r=0.26), cues to action (p<0.001, r=0.29), perceived benefits (p<0.001, r=0.43), perceived susceptibility (p=0.002, r=0.15), and  perceived severity (p<0.001, r=0.20), and a negative and significant correlation with perceived barriers (p<0.001, r=-0.32). The constructs of the health belief model predicted 50% of the variance of preventive behaviors, and the self-efficacy construct (p<0.001, β=0.54) was the strongest predictor.
Conclusion: Given the effective role of the research model in explaining the determinants of the COVID-19 preventive behaviors, the health belief model (HBM) and effective constructs can be used in educational planning and interventions.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2022/01/27 | Accepted: 2022/07/25 | Published: 2022/09/1

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