Volume 10, Issue 2 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(2): 239-246 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bahrami-Eyvanaki Z, Javidpour M, Norouzi S. Explaining Adolescents' Experiences of the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Lifestyle Behaviors. Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (2) :239-246
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-57437-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Abhar, Iran
2- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
3- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Abhar, Iran , norouzi62@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (245 Views)
Aims: Since 2019, COVID-19 has become a public health emergency and a global threat. Although adolescents are a vulnerable group, they have not received much attention. Accordingly, the present study aimed to explain adolescents' experiences of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on lifestyle behaviors.
Participant & Methods: This study was conducted as a qualitative study with a qualitative content analysis approach at Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in 1400. Purposeful sampling consisted of 21 adolescents of both sexes. The data collection method was semi-structured and in-depth interviews.
Findings: A total of 112 initial codes were obtained, which after merging similar codes finally extracted 89 semantic units in 12 subcategories and 3 main categories including Physical consequences, Psychological consequences, and Cognitive-emotional consequences from the perspective of adolescents.
Conclusion: Considering the formation of lifestyle behaviors in adolescence and the positive and negative effects of coronary heart disease on various aspects of adolescent lifestyle, it seems that governments should pay special attention to this age group that is the future makers of countries and steps Valuable for this age group to flourish.
Article number: 5
Full-Text [PDF 964 kb]   (243 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (3 Views)  
Article Type: Qualitative Research | Subject: Healthy Life Style
Received: 2021/11/27 | Accepted: 2022/01/18 | Published: 2022/05/31
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Abhar, Iran

References
1. Xiang M, Zhang Z, Kuwahara K. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents' lifestyle behavior larger than expected. Prog Cardiovas Dis. 2020;63(4):531-2. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pcad.2020.04.013]
2. Chi X, Liang K, Chen ST, Huang Q, Huang L, Yu Q, et al. Mental health problems among Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19: The importance of nutrition and physical activity. Int J Clin Health Psychol. 2021;21(3):100218. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijchp.2020.100218]
3. Melegari MG, Giallonardo M, Sacco R, Marcucci L, Orecchio S, Bruni O. Identifying the impact of the confinement of COVID-19 on emotional-mood and behavioural dimensions in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychiatry Res. 2021;296:113692. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113692]
4. de Figueiredo CS, Sandre PC, Portugal LC, Mázala-de-Oliveira T, da Silva Chagas L, Raony Í, et al. COVID-19 pandemic impact on children and adolescents' mental health: Biological, environmental, and social factors. Prog Neuro-Psychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2021;106:110171. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110171]
5. Liu R, Chen X, Qi H, Feng Y, Xiao L, Yuan XF, et al. The proportion and associated factors of anxiety in Chinese adolescents with depression during the COVID-19 outbreak. J Affect Disord. 2021;284:114-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2021.02.020]
6. Liu Y, Yue S, Hu X, Zhu J, Wu Z, Wang J, Wu Y. Associations between feelings/behaviors during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and depression/anxiety after lockdown in a sample of Chinese children and adolescents. J Affect Disord. 2021;284:98-103. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2021.02.001]
7. Yuan Y. Mindfulness training on the resilience of adolescents under the COVID-19 epidemic: A latent growth curve analysis. Pers Individ Dif. 2021;172:110560. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2020.110560]
8. Lange KW, Nakamura Y. Lifestyle factors in the prevention of COVID-19. Glob Health J. 2020;4(4):146-52. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.glohj.2020.11.002]
9. Pigaiani Y, Zoccante L, Zocca A, Arzenton A, Menegolli M, Fadel S, et al. Adolescent lifestyle behaviors, coping strategies and subjective wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic: an online student survey. Healthcare. 2020;8(4):472. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/healthcare8040472]
10. Lopez-Serrano J, Díaz-Bóveda R, González-Vallespí L, Santamarina-Pérez P, Bretones-Rodríguez A, Calvo R, et al. Psychological impact during COVID-19 lockdown in children and adolescents with previous mental health disorders. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental. 2021; S1888-9891(21):00035-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.rpsm.2021.04.002]
11. Polit DF, Tatano Beck Ch. Essentials of nursing research. Dehgan Naiery N, Jalalinia F, Salehi T, translators. Tehran: Andishe Rafi; 2014 [Link]
12. Mosalanejad L, Parandavar N, Rezaie E. Students'experience about the hidden curriculum: a qualitative study. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2014;13(2):111-24. [Persian] [Link]
13. Kumar MM, Karpaga PP, Panigrahi SK, Raj U, Pathak VK. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent health in India. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2020;9(11):5484-9. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1266_20]
14. Ruiz-Roso MB, de Carvalho Padilha P, Mantilla-Escalante DC, Ulloa N, Brun P, Acevedo-Correa D, et al. COVID-19 confinement and changes of adolescent's dietary trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1807. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/nu12061807]
15. Sulistiani D, Rahayu SR, Yuniastuti A. The effect of android studio application to increase adolescent nutrition knowledge. Public Health Perspect J. 2021. [Link]
16. Bruni O, Fabrizi P, Ottaviano S, Cortesi F, Giannotti F, Guidetti V. Prevalence of sleep disorders in childhood and adolescence with headache: a case-control study. Cephalalgia. 1997;17(4):492-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1046/j.1468-2982.1997.1704492.x]
17. Miri Z, Razavi Z, Mohammadi S. Evaluation of stress, anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders in medical students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Avicenna J Clin Med. 2021;27(4):232-8. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.52547/ajcm.27.4.238]
18. O'Kane SM, Lahart IM, Gallagher AM, Carlin A, Faulkner M, Jago R, et al. Changes in physical activity, sleep, mental health, and social media use during COVID-19 lockdown among adolescent girls: a mixed-methods study. J Phys Act Health. 2021;18(6):677-85. [Link] [DOI:10.1123/jpah.2020-0649]
19. Chaabane S, Doraiswamy S, Chaabna K, Mamtani R, Cheema S. The impact of COVID-19 school closure on child and adolescent health: a rapid systematic review. Children. 2021;8(5):415. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/children8050415]
20. Rahmani Chegni S, Fathi M, Mohammad Hosseini Sarvak R. The effect of imposed inactivity due to coronavirus outbreak on adolescent body composition and Vo2max. ARMAGHANE-DANESH. 2020;25:852- 60. [Persian] [Link]
21. Farzam F, Naseri Z. COVID-19 impacts on students sport: coping for health improvement. J Mil Health Promot. 2020;1(2):61-7. [Persian] [Link]
22. Mo GH, Wang ZX, Chen XS, Jiang Q. The prognosis and prevention measures for mental health in COVID-19 patients: through the experience of SARS. BioPsychoSoc Med. 2020;14:22. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s13030-020-00196-6]
23. Fathi Ashtiani A, Rahnejat AM, Ahmadi Tahour Soltani M, Taghva A, Ebrahimi MR, Donyavi V, et al. Psychological consequences and interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic: narrative review. J Mar Med. 2020;2(1):1-11. [Link]
24. Mallik CI, Radwan RB. Impact of lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic in changes of prevalence of predictive psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents in Bangladesh. Asian J Psychiatry. 2021;56:102554. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102554]
25. Ellis WE, Dumas TM, Forbes LM. Physically isolated but socially connected: Psychological adjustment and stress among adolescents during the initial COVID-19 crisis. Can J Behav Sci. 2020;3(52):177-87. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/cbs0000215]
26. Qi M, Zhou SJ, Guo ZC, Zhang LG, Min HJ, Li XM, et al. The effect of social support on mental health in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. J Adolesc Health. 2020;67(4):514-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.07.001]
27. Green P. Risks to children and young people during COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ. 2020;369:m1669 [Link] [DOI:10.1136/bmj.m1669]
28. Chen F, Zheng D, Liu J, Gong Y, Guan Z, Lou D. Depression and anxiety among adolescents during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;88:36-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.061]
29. Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):e37-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30309-3]
30. Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar SK, Sharma N, Verma SK, Kaushal V. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian J Psychiatry. 2020;51:102083. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102083]
31. Mokhatri-Hesari P, Moezzi B, Montazeri A. Infodemic, misinformation and the COVID-19. J Iran Instit Health Sci Res. 2020;19(3):349-53. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/payesh.19.3.349]
32. Nasirzadeh M, AkhondiM, Jamalizadeh Nooq A, Khorramnia S. A survey on stress, anxiety, depression and resilience due to the prevalence of COVID-19 among Anar city households in 2020: a short report. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2020;19(8):889-98. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/jrums.19.8.889]
33. Moradi A, Mohammadifar N. The role of social media in the formation of social phobia and lifestyle changes caused by the corona virus (case study: Kermanshah city). Q J Soc Order (ENTEZAM-E-EJTEMAEI). 2020;12:123-48. [Persian] [Link]
34. Jansen D, Kosola S, Arevalo LC, de Matos MG, Boode K, Saxena S, et al. Child and adolescent health needs attention now, and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Public Health. 2020;65(6):723-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00038-020-01446-8]
35. Lee J. Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020;4(6):421. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30109-7]
36. Boers E, Afzali MH, Newton N, Conrod P. Association of screen time and depression in adolescence. JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(9):853-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1759]
37. Brown WJ, Wilkerson AK, Boyd SJ, Dewey D, Mesa F, Bunnell BE. A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety. J Sleep Res. 2018;27(3):e12635. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/jsr.12635]
38. Liu BP, Wang XT, Liu ZZ, Wang ZY, An D, Wei YX, et al. Depressive symptoms are associated with short and long sleep duration: A longitudinal study of Chinese adolescents. J Affect Disord. 2020;263:267-73. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.113]
39. Imani Jaajarmi H. Social impacts of the spread of coronavirus in Iranian society. Q Soc Impact Assess. 2020;1:87-103. [Persian] [Link]
40. Ng K, Cosma A, Svacina K, Boniel-Nissim M, Badura P. Czech adolescents' remote school and health experiences during the spring 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. Prev Med Rep. 2021;22:101386. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101386]
41. Hosseini FS, Karimi F, Nazpour M. The role of difficulty in emotion regulation and negative automatic thoughts in conflict resolution tactics of male high school students with parents. Res Cogn Behav Sci. 2018;8(1):77-94. [Persian] [Link]
42. Badrkhani P. Pros and cons of COVID-19 in Iran: How Coronavirus outbreak has affected culture and living style of people of this ancient land. J Hum Behav Soc Environ. 2021;31(1-4):340-52. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/10911359.2020.1825261]
43. Olonade OY, Adetunde CO, Iwelumor OS, Ozoya MI, George TO. Coronavirus pandemic and spirituality in southwest Nigeria: A sociological analysis. Heliyon. 2021;7(3):e06451. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06451]
44. Modabber MH, Tafvizi M, Hojat M, Rezaei E, Hatami N, Rezaeian S, et al. How to Spend Leisure Time during Home Quarantine to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 Infection: A Descriptive-analytical Study among Individuals in Jahrom, Iran. NAVIDNO. 2020;23(75):83-98. [Link]
45. Ghafoori A, Salehi K. Adults lived experience of opportunities and threats of cyberspace: a qualitative study. J Cult Commun Stud. 2020;21:7-38. [Persian] [Link]
46. Bashirian S, Jenabi E, Khazaei S, Barati M, Karimi-Shahanjarini A, Zareian S, et al. Factors associated with preventive behaviours of COVID-19 among hospital staff in Iran in 2020: an application of the protection motivation theory. J Hosp Infect. 2020;105(3):430-3. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.04.035]
47. Nuttman-Shwartz O. The moderating role of resilience resources and sense of belonging to the school among children and adolescents in continuous traumatic stress situations. J Early Adoles. 2019;39(9):1261-85. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0272431618812719]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.