Volume 10, Issue 1 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(1): 33-41 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Behforouz A, Razeghi S, Shamshiri A, Mohebbi S. General and Dental COVID-19-related Knowledge of Iranian Dental Academics; a Cross-Sectional Online Study. Health Educ Health Promot. 2022; 10 (1) :33-41
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-54149-en.html
1- Dental Students’ Scientific Research Center, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- “Research Center for Caries Prevention, Dentistry Research Institute” and “Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry”, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- “Research Center for Caries Prevention, Dentistry Research Institute” and “Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry”, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , smohebbi@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (386 Views)
Aims: Dental academics should know COVID-19 to save themselves, the students, and the community during a pandemic. We assessed the knowledge of dental academics regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and the factors associated with it.
Instrument & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted online in April 2020 in the dental school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Two hundred seventy-four participants were selected by a convenient and snowball sampling. This study was part of a multinational study and used a valid and reliable questionnaire. Multiple linear regression models served for statistical analysis in SPSS 21.
Findings: Of the 274 respondents, 66.4% were female. COVID-19 total knowledge score was 74.30 (of 100), with dental precautions having the highest domain score of 86.28 and warning signs having the lowest (56.93). Multiple regression models controlling for backgrounds revealed moderate and less academic experience associated with higher transmission and protection knowledge. More patient visits and dealing with fewer students (p=0.021) were associated with lower treatment knowledge, having administrative roles was associated with higher protection knowledge (p=0.043), and men had less knowledge of dental precautions (p=0.049).
Conclusion: Dental academics have an overall rather desirable knowledge, while their knowledge on COVID-19 warning signs is insufficient.
Full-Text [PDF 524 kb]   (92 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (67 Views)  
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2021/05/17 | Accepted: 2021/06/5 | Published: 2022/01/24
* Corresponding Author Address: “Research Center for Caries Prevention, Dentistry Research Institute” and “Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry”, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran P.O.Box 1439955991.

1. Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A novel Coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):727-33. [Link] [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa2001017] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Wang C, Horby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF. A novel Coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):470-3. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9]
3. COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic [Internet]. Worldometer; 2020 Jan 22 [cited 2021 Jul 17]. Available from: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ [Link]
4. Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection when novel coronavirus (‎‎‎‎‎‎2019-nCoV)‎‎‎‎‎‎ infection is suspected: Interim guidance [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020 Jan 28 [cited 2021 Jul 17]. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/330893 [Link]
5. COVID-19 vaccination [Internet]. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 17]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/covid-19/index.html [Link]
6. Spagnuolo G, De Vito D, Rengo S, Tatullo M. COVID-19 Outbreak: An Overview on Dentistry. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(6):2094. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17062094] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Peng X, Xu X, Li Y, Cheng L, Zhou X, Ren B. Transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. Int J Oral Sci. 2020;12(9). [Link] [DOI:10.1038/s41368-020-0075-9] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Guidance for Dental Settings [Internet]. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 17]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/dental-settings.html [Link]
9. ADA releases interim guidance for minimizing COVID-19 transmission risl when treating dental emergencies [Internet]. Chicago: American Dental Association; 2020 Apr 1 [cited 2020 May 24]. Available from: https://www.ada.org/en/publications/ada-news/2020-archive/april/ada-releases-interim-guidance-on-minimizing-covid-19-transmission-risk-when-treating-emergencies [Link]
10. Meng L, Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Emerging and future challenges for dental and oral medicine. J Dent Res. 2020;99(5):481-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0022034520914246] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Saqlain M, Munir MM, Rehman SU, Gulzar A, Naz S, Ahmed Z, et al. Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers among healthcare professionals regarding COVID-19: A Cross-sectional survey from Pakistan. J Hosp Infect. 2020;105(3):419-23. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.05.007] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Khader Y, Al Nsour M, Al-Batayneh OB, Saadeh R, Bashier H, Alfaqih M, et al. Dentists' awareness, perception, and attitude regarding COVID-19 and infection control: Cross-sectional study among Jordanian dentists. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2020;6(2):e18798. [Link] [DOI:10.2196/18798] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Olum R, Chekwech G, Wekha G, Nassozi DR, Bongomin F. Coronavirus disease-2019: Knowledge, attitude, and practices of health care workers at Makerere University Teaching Hospitals, Uganda. Front Public Health. 2020;8:181. [Link] [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2020.00181] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Ammar N, Aly NM, Folayan MO, Mohebbi SZ, Attia S, Howaldt HP, et al. Knowledge of dental academics about the COVID-19 pandemic: A multi-country online survey. BMC Med Educ. 2020;20:399. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s12909-020-02308-w] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Iranian Scientometric Information Database- ISID [Internet]. Islamic Republic of Iran: Deputy of Research and Technology of Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Islamic Republic of Iran; 2015 [cited 2020 Apr 7]. Available from: http://isid.research.ac.ir/ [Link]
16. Quadri MFA, Jafer MA, Alqahtani AS, Al-Mutaher SAB, Odabi NI, Daghriri AA, et al. Novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) awareness among the dental interns, dental auxiliaries and dental specialists in Saudi Arabia: A nationwide study. J Infect Public Health. 2020;13(6):856-64. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jiph.2020.05.010] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Healthcare Personnel During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic [Internet]. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [Link]
18. 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 10]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/infection-control-recommendations.html [Link]
19. Managing Healthcare Operations During COVID-19 [Internet]. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2020 [cited 2021 Feb 8]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/guidance-hcf.html [Link]
20. Questions and answers on coronaviruses (COVID-19) [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 12]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses [Link]
21. Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Interim guidance [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020 Feb 27 [cited 2021 Jul 17]. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/331215 [Link]
22. International Business Machines Corporation. IBM SPSS Statistics [Software]. Version 21.0. Armonk, New York: IBM Corp; 2012. Available from: https://www.ibm.com/support/pages/spss-statistics-210-available-download [Link]
23. Gholami E, Mansori K, Soltani-Kermanshahi M. Statistical distribution of novel coronavirus in Iran. Int J One Health. 2020;6(2):143-6. [Link] [DOI:10.14202/IJOH.2020.143-146]
24. Kamate SK, Sharma S, Thakar S, Srivastava D, Sengupta K, Hadi AJ, et al. Assessing knowledge, attitudes and practices of dental practitioners regarding the COVID-19 pandemic: A multinational study. Dent Med Probl. 2020;57(1):11-7. [Link] [DOI:10.17219/dmp/119743] [PMID]
25. Singh Gambhir R, Singh Dhaliwal J, Aggarwal A, Anand S, Anand V, Kaur Bhangu A. COVID-19: A survey on knowledge, awareness and hygiene practices among dental health professionals in an Indian scenario. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2020;71(2):223-9. [Link] [DOI:10.32394/rpzh.2020.0115] [PMID]
26. Baseer MA, Ansari SH, AlShamrani SS, Alakras AR, Mahrous R, Alenazi AM. Awareness of droplet and airborne isolation precautions among dental health professionals during the outbreak of Corona virus infection in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. J Clin Exp Dent. 2016;8(4):379-87. [Link] [DOI:10.4317/jced.52811] [PMID] [PMCID]
27. De Stefani A, Bruno G, Mutinelli S, Gracco A. COVID-19 outbreak perception in Italian dentists. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):3867. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17113867] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Ahmed MA, Jouhar R, Ahmed N, Adnan S, Aftab M, Zafar MS, et al. Fear and practice modifications among dentists to combat Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(8):2821. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17082821] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J, et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China. Jama. 2020;323(11):1061-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.1585] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Althomairy SA, Baseer MA, Assery M, Alsaffan AD. Knowledge and attitude of dental health professionals about Middle East respiratory syndrome in Saudi Arabia. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2018;8(2):137-44. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_9_18] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Kharma MY, Alalwani MS, Amer MF, Tarakji B, Aws G. Assessment of the awareness level of dental students toward Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-coronavirus. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015;5(3):163-9. [DOI:10.4103/2231-0762.159951] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.