Volume 9, Issue 4 (2021)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2021, 9(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammad P, Ali S, Sabir D, Saeed F, Sabir D. The Psychological Impact of COVID-19 on Healthcare Workers in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Health Educ Health Promot. 2021; 9 (4)
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-51616-en.html
1- Charmo University , Parzheen.mohammad@charmouniversity.org
2- Charmo University, College of health and applied science, Department of Medical
3- Charmo University, college of health and applied science, department of medical laboratory science
4- Sulaimani Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Iraq
5- High Quality Chain Hospitals/Anwar Shexa Medical City, Life Mental Health Center
Abstract:   (321 Views)

 Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the healthcare workers in Kurdistan, Iraq.
Methods: Healthcare workers in four different COVID-19 hospitals in the cities of Erbil, Sulaimani, Chamchamal, and Halabja in the Kurdistan region of Iraq participated in this study on a convenience sampling method from April 10, 2020, to May 20, 2020. The degree of symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression were assessed based on the translated to Kurdish versions of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5), and Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25) respectively. Descriptive statistics were used to identify the prevalence of PTSD, anxiety and depression. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were performed to compare the scores based on different groups since the data was not normally distributed.
Results: Of 182 healthcare workers, 53.3% of participants screened positive for PTSD, 29.1% for anxiety, and 39.0% for depression. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of PTSD, anxiety, and depression according to gender and family status. However, Respondents, who were aged <40, scored higher on PCL-5, but no difference was found on HSCL-25. Nurses in the Sulaimani city, frontline workers, and those who had COVID-19 related traumatic experience scored higher on all three measures.
Conclusion: The psychological impact of COVID-19 among the healthcare workers in the Kurdistan region of Iraq is at a high level of concern. Preventive programs and adaptive psychological interventions are needed.

Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2021/04/12 | Accepted: 2021/08/2 | Published: 2021/10/6

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