Volume 9, Issue 2 (2021)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2021, 9(2): 111-117 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bagheri M, Niknami S, Rahmati Najarkolaei F. Effect of Communication Skills Training of the Elderly and their Caregivers’ on Elderly Lifestyle. Health Educ Health Promot. 2021; 9 (2) :111-117
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-46670-en.html
1- Department of Health Education & Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Health Education & Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , Niknamis@modares.ac.ir
3- Health Research Center, Lifestyle Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (201 Views)
Aims: Communication skills refers to a person's ability to convey information to others effectively and efficiently, which can be learned and can be strengthened through practice and training. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of communication skills training on the lifestyle of the elderly.
Materials & Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 140 elderly and their caregiver in Khorzugh, Isfahan province, in 2018. A stratified random sampling method was used. Data collection tools were demographic information, the Interpersonal-Communication Skills Test, and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. In the test group of the elderly, a 180min intervention with a 2-month follow-up was performed. Mann-Whitney, Kolmogorov–Smirnov, Wilcoxon, and Spearman tests were used and analyzed in SPSS 25.
Findings: Most of the group of caregivers and elderly were women, housewives, and married. The mean scores of the communication skills and lifestyles before and after 2-months of the intervention had a significant difference between the experimental and control groups of the elderly (p<0.001). Nevertheless, Comparing the mean score of the spiritual growth between the two groups of test and control elderly before and after 2-months, the intervention showed no significant differences (p>0.05). The total score of communication skills in both experimental and control groups of the caregivers two months after the training intervention was significantly different (p<0.001).
Conclusion: An educational intervention based on communication skills training effectively improves the communication skills and lifestyles of the elderly.
Full-Text [PDF 443 kb]   (102 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (3 Views)  
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Healthy Life Style
Received: 2020/10/7 | Accepted: 2021/02/27 | Published: 2021/05/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Postal code: 14115-111.

References
1. Kushkestani M, Parvani M, Moghadassi M, Ebrahimpour Nosrani S. Investigation of life expectancy in community-dwelling elderly men in iran and its related factors. J Aging Sci. 2020;8(4):1-10. [Link] [DOI:10.17265/2332-7839/2020.02.005]
2. Knoops KTB, De Groot LCPGM, Kromhout D, Perrin AE, Moreiras-Varela O, Menotti A, et al. Mediterranean diet, lifestyle factors, and 10-year mortality in elderly European men and women: The HALE project. JAMA. 2004;292(12):1433-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1001/jama.292.12.1433] [PMID]
3. Li J, Yu J, Chen X, Quan X, Zhou L. Correlations between health-promoting lifestyle and health-related quality of life among elderly people with hypertension in Hengyang, Hunan, China. Medicine. 2018;97(25):10937. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000010937] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Mohammadi M, Ramezankhani A, Mohammadi S, Zahed S, Khabiri F, Khodakarim S, et al. The predictors of metabolic syndrome based on Walker health-promoting lifestyle in Iran 2016. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2017;11 Suppl 2:745-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.dsx.2017.05.009] [PMID]
5. Kitaoka M, Mitoma J, Asakura H, Anyenda OE, Nguyen TTT, Hamagishi T, et al. The relationship between hypertension and health-related quality of life: Adjusted by chronic pain, chronic diseases, and life habits in the general middle-aged population in Japan. Environ Health Prev Med. 2016;21(4):193-214. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0525-3 [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s12199-016-0514-6] [PMCID]
6. Morowatisharifabad MA, Fallah Z, Bidaki R, Hashemian Z, Fallahzadeh H, Rafatifard M, et al. The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease preventive behaviors in elderly people, Yazd, Iran. Elder Health J. 2017;3(1):16-22. [Persian] [Link]
7. Meihan L, Chung-Ngok W. Validation of the psychometric properties of the health-promoting lifestyle profile in a sample of Taiwanese women. Qual Life Res. 2011;20(4):523-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s11136-010-9790-6] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Habibi Sola A, Nikpoor S, Rezaei M, Haghani H. Health promotion behaviours and level of activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living among elderly people in west region of Tehran: A cross sectional survey. SALMAND. 2007;2(3):331-9. [Persian] [Link]
9. Moatamedy A. A desirable lifestyle based on the communicative view (man's relationship with himself, God, others and nature). Cult Consult Psychother. 2013;4(13):125-42. [Persian] [Link]
10. Sechilariu M, Wang BC, Locment F, Jouglet A. DC microgrid power flow optimization by multi-layer supervision control, design and experimental validation. Energy Convers Manag. 2014;82:1-10. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.enconman.2014.03.010]
11. Yousefi F. The relationship between emotional intelligence and communication skills in university students. Dev Psychol. 2006;3(9):5-13. [Persian] [Link]
12. Freedman A, Nicolle J. Social isolation and loneliness: The new geriatric giants: Approach for primary care. Can Fam Physician. 2020;66(3):176-82. [Link]
13. Managheb SE, Jaafarian J, Firouzi H. The effect of communication skills training based on Calgary-Cambridge guideline on knowledge, attitude and practice of family physician of Jahrom university of medical sciences 2007. J Jahrom Univ Med Sci. 2008;6(3):74-84. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/jmj.6.3.4.74]
14. Daniluk B, Borkowska AR. Pragmatic aspects of verbal communication in elderly people: A study of Polish seniors. Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2020;55(4):493-505. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/1460-6984.12532] [PMID]
15. Visser M, Wijnhoven HAH, Comijs HC, Thomese F, Twisk JWR, Deeg DJ. A healthy lifestyle in old age and prospective change in four domains of functioning. J Aging Health. 2019;31(7):1297-314. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0898264318774430] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Palmer AD, Newsom JT, Rook KS. How does difficulty communicating affect the social relationships of older adults? an exploration using data from a national survey. J Commun Disord. 2016;62:131-46. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jcomdis.2016.06.002] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Ruben RJ. Redefining the survival of the fittest: Communication disorders in the 21st century. Laryngoscope. 2000;110(2 Pt 1):241-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/00005537-200002010-00010] [PMID]
18. Yorkston KM, Bourgeois MS, Baylor CR. Communication and aging. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010;21(2):309-19. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pmr.2009.12.011] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Khavoshi N, Tol A, Shojaeizade D, Shamshiri A. Effect of educational intervention on the lifestyle of elderly people referred to clinical centers of Eslamshahr, Iran: Application of health belief model. J Nurs Educ. 2015;3(4):19-28. [Persian] [Link]
20. Hosseinechari M, Fadakaredavarani MM. Studying the Impact of University on Communication Skills Based on Comparison of Students and Students. Daneshvar Behav. 2005;12(15):21-32. [Persian] [Link]
21. Walker SN, Hill-Polerecky DM. Psychometric evaluation of the health-promoting lifestyle profile II. Univ Nebraska Med Center. 1996. [Link]
22. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Pakpour Hajiagha A, Mohammadi Zeidi B. Reliability and validity of Persian version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;21(1):103-13. [Persian] [Link]
23. Ataie Z, Allahverdi A, Dehnoalian A, Orooji A. The relationship between lifestyle and general health among elderly people in Neyshabur. Iran J Nurs. 2018;31(111):10-9. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/ijn.31.111.10]
24. Tahmasebi H, Maddah Sadat SB, Dalvandi A, Ghasemi S, Rahgozar M. The effect of educational program on health promotion behaviors on elderly life style. Iran J Rehabil Res Nurs. 2019;5(2):47-54. [Persian] [Link]
25. Brojeni SA, Ilali ES, Taraghi Z, Mousavinasab N. Lifestyle and its related factors in elderly. J Nurs Midwifery Sci. 2019;6(1):32-7. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_39_18]
26. Alaee N, Jafari R, Heravi-Karmooi M, Arsang S. Investigation of Lifestyle and its related factors in the elderly population in Qom city, 2017 (Iran). Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2018;12(8):69-77. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/qums.12.8.69]
27. Siamian H, Bagheri-Nesami M, Nia RD, Reza Nezhad F, Akbari H, Balaghafari A, et al. Assessment of interpersonal communication skills among sari health centers' staff. Mater Sociomed. 2014;26(5):324-8. [Link] [DOI:10.5455/msm.2014.26.324-328] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Motlagh MI, Hosseini SN, Jalilian F. Nursing students communication skills with patients in Kermanshah university of medical sciences. Res Med Educ. 2017;9(3):47-54. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/rme.9.3.54]
29. Javaher AA, Khaghanizade M, Ebadi A. Study of communication skills in nursing students and its association with demographic characteristics. Iran J Med Educ. 2014;14(1):23-31. [Persian] [Link]
30. Mojadam M, Eshghizadeh M, Johari Naeimi A. Assessing interpersonal communication skills of elderly in Gonabad city. J Geriatr Nurs. 2015;2(1):29-38. [Persian] [Link]
31. Sprangers S, Dijkstra K, Romijn-Luijten A. Communication skills training in a nursing home: Effects of a brief intervention on residents and nursing aides. Clin Interv Aging. 2015;10:311-9. [Link] [DOI:10.2147/CIA.S73053] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Heidari H, Masoudi R, Noorian K, Jamali S. The design, implementation, and evaluation of a communication skills program for the nursing students of Shahrekord university of medical sciences (Iran). J Clin Nurs Midwifery. 2020;8(4):553-9. [Persian] [Link]
33. Basiri M, Karimy M, Shahnazi H. Effect of educational intervention on communication skills and self-efficacy of primary healthcare workers (Behvarz). J Educ Community Health. 2019;6(2):71-7. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/jech.6.2.71]
34. Rask MT, Jensen ML, Andersen J, Zachariae R. Effects of an intervention aimed at improving nurse-patient communication in an oncology outpatient clinic. Cancer Nurs. 2009;32(1):1-11. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/01.NCC.0000343365.13871.12] [PMID]
35. Rustan E, Hasriani H. Communication pattern between nurses and elderly patients through a neuro-linguistic programming approach. J Stud Komun. 2020;4(1):75-89. [Link] [DOI:10.25139/jsk.v4i1.2180]
36. Eriksen AK, Hansen RD, Borre M, Larsen RG, Jensen JM, Overgaard K, et al. A lifestyle intervention among elderly men on active surveillance for non-aggressive prostate cancer: A randomized feasibility study with whole-grain rye and exercise. Trials. 2017;18(1):20. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s13063-016-1734-1] [PMID] [PMCID]
37. Movahedi M, Khamseh F, Ebadi A, Haji Amini Z. The impact of healthy lifestyle multimedia education on elderly life promotion. J Gerontol. 2019;4(2):45-52. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/joge.4.1.45]
38. Sobhani A, Shahnazi H, Mostafavi F. The efficiency of theory-based education on mental health subscales in elders: Application of theory of planned behavior. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2018;6(4):367-75. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.30699/acadpub.ijhehp.6.4.367]
39. Guerrero-Castaneda RF, De Oliva Menezes TM, Do Prado ML, Galindo-Soto JA. Spirituality and religiosity for the transcendence of the elderly being. Rev Braz Enferm. 2019;72 Suppl 2:259-65. [Link] [DOI:10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0840] [PMID]
40. Solaimanizadeh F, Mohammadinia N, Solaimanizadeh L. The relationship between spiritual health and religious coping with death anxiety in the elderly. J Relig Health. 2020;59(4):1925-32. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10943-019-00906-7] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author