Volume 8, Issue 4 (2020)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2020, 8(4): 173-179 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hamidi F, Khodakarami Z. Effect of Psychodrama on Reducing High-Risk Behaviors in Unsupervised Adolescence. Health Educ Health Promot. 2020; 8 (4) :173-179
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-45625-en.html
1- Educational Sciences Department, Humanities Faculty, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran , fhamidi@stru.ac.ir
2- Educational Sciences Department, Humanities Faculty, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (653 Views)
Aims: Adolescents who have been deprived of family support for various reasons are more likely to be in vulnerable groups in society, resulting in more risky behaviors. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of psycho-drama in reducing high-risk behaviors in unsupervised adolescent boys.
Materials & Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population consisted of unsupervised teenage boys between the ages of 12-13, who were studying in the sixth grade in Zanjan in the 2018-2019 academic year. 40 students were selected by purposive sampling and substituted in two equal groups as experimental and control groups. The main tool was the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (2013). Psychodrama intervention was performed for 9 sessions (each session 90 minutes) for the experimental group, but the control group received no intervention. At the final session, both experimental and control groups received a posttest. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance by SPSS23.
Findings: Results showed a significant difference between the two groups in the posttest phase (p<0.05). Psychodrama decreased high-risk behaviors in the experimental group. The percentage of these changes based on the Eta-square was 41.3%. Also, according to the results, Eta-square of components was 37% for the smoking, 32% for the alcohol; 17.9% for the psychotropic; 36.3% for aggressive behaviors,35.3% for thinking and committing suicide, 30.5% for escape component, and 35.5% for relationship the opposite sex (p<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings, it can be concluded that psychodrama is an effective adjunctive therapy to reduce the symptoms of high-risk behaviors of unsupervised adolescent boys, and it is recommended to counselors in preventing psychological damage in schools.
Full-Text [PDF 442 kb]   (240 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2020/08/30 | Accepted: 2020/10/10 | Published: 2020/12/20
* Corresponding Author Address: Educational Sciences Department, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Lavizan, Tehran, Iran, Postal code: 1678815811.

References
1. Hepworth K. Adolescent Problems. A guide for teachers, parents and counsellors. Learn Disabil Pract. 2004;7(5):24-5. [Link] [DOI:10.7748/ldp.7.5.24.s18]
2. Géczy I, Saewyc EM, Poon CS, Homma Y. Health‐risk behaviors and protective factors among adolescents in rural British Columbia. J Rural Health. 2020;36(1):65-76. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/jrh.12389]
3. Leather NC. Risk-taking behavior in adolescence: A literature review. J Child Health Care. 2009;13(3):295-304. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/1367493509337443]
4. WHO. Country cooperation strategy for WHO and the Islamic Republic of Iran 2010-2014 [Internet]. Geneva: WHO; 2017 [Unknown Cited]. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/113238/1/CCS_Islamic_Republic_Iran_201 0_EN_14482.pdf [Link]
5. Bergman MM, Scott J. Young adolescents' wellbeing and health-risk behaviours: Gender and socio-economic differences. J Adolesc. 2001;24(2):184-97. [Link] [DOI:10.1006/jado.2001.0378]
6. Rabinowitz JA, Osigwe I, Byrne A, Drabick DAG, Reynolds MD. Father-and youth-reported family affective expression differentially predicts youth internalizing and externalizing symptoms. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2018;47(suppl 1):S264-77. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/15374416.2017.1280801]
7. van Ouytsel J, Ponnet K, Walrave M. The associations of adolescents' dating violence victimization, well-being and engagement in risk behaviors. J Adolesc. 2017;55:66-71. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.12.005]
8. Dogan T. The effects of Psychodrama on young adults' attachment styles. Arts Psychother. 2010;37(2):112-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.aip.2010.02.001]
9. Karataş Z, Gökçakan DZ. The effect of group-based psychodrama therapy on decreasing the level of aggression in adolescents. Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 2009;20(4):357-66. [Turkish] [Link]
10. Dunne PB. Drama therapy techniques in one-to-one treatment with disturbed children and adolescents. Arts Psychother. 1988;15(2):139-49. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0197-4556(88)90021-4]
11. Anselme D, Emilie FK, Sèdognon HJC, Arthur F, Esméralda DL, Alain R, et al. Focus group discussion-Psychodrama in corporate environment: Leverage of investigation of employees' origins of dissatisfaction within Fludor Benin SA. Open J Psychiatry. 2017;7(3):162-75. [Link] [DOI:10.4236/ojpsych.2017.73015]
12. Biolcati R. The role of self-esteem and fear of negative evaluation in compulsive buying. Front Psychiatry. 2017;8:74. [Link] [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00074]
13. Fong J. Psychodrama as a preventive measure: Teenage girls confronting violence. J Group Psychother Psychodrama Socimetry. 2006;59(3):99-108. [Link] [DOI:10.3200/JGPP.59.3.99-108]
14. Gatta M, Lara DZ, Lara DC, Andrea S, Paolo TC, Giovanni C, et al. Analytical Psychodrama with adolescents suffering from psycho-behavioral disorder: Short-term effects on psychiatric symptoms. Arts Psychother. 2010;37(3):240-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.aip.2010.04.010]
15. Griffith L. Combining schema-focused cognitive therapy and Psychodrama: A model for treating clients with personality disorders. J Group Psychother Psychodrama Sociometry. 2003;55(4):128-40. [Link] [DOI:10.3200/JGPP.55.4.128-140]
16. Chohen L, Manion L, Morrison K. Research methods in education. 5th Edition. London: Rutledge; 2002. [Link] [DOI:10.4324/9780203224342]
17. Zadeh Mohammadi A, Ahmadabadi Z, Heidari M. Construction and assessment of psychometric features of Iranian adolescents risk-taking scale. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2011;17(3):218-25. [Link]
18. Dogan T. The effects of psychodrama on young adults' attachment styles. Art Psychother. 2010;37(2):112-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.aip.2010.02.001]
19. Pramann R. Enhancing treatment effectiveness: Using Psychodrama to address the trauma and pain of victims and perpetrators [Internet]. Salt Lake City: The Utah Domestic Violence Council 11th Annual Domestic Violence Treatment Conference. 2005 [Unknown Cited]. Available From: http://cccutah.org/pcaru.htm [Link]
20. Çam O. The influence of Psychodrama on promoting self-disclosure in groups of university students. In: Stadler C, Wieser M, Kirk K. editors. Psychodrama. Empirical Research and Science 2. Wiesbaden: Springer; 2016. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-3-658-13015-2_18]
21. Daemi F, Vasegh Rahimparvar SF. The effects of Psychodrama on the health of adolescent girls: A systematic review. J Client Cent Nurs Care. 2018;4(1):13-20. [Link] [DOI:10.32598/jccnc.4.1.13]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author