Volume 8, Issue 4 (2020)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2020, 8(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Marashi S Z. Investigation of Preventive Behaviors of Early Childhood Caries among Mothers Referring to Comprehensive Health Service Centers in Ahvaz. Health Educ Health Promot. 2020; 8 (4)
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-44875-en.html
Author , zahra73m@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (353 Views)
Introduction: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a worldwide disease that is increasing in many developing countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the preventive behaviors of early childhood caries among mothers referring to comprehensive health service centers in Ahvaz.
Methodology: The present study was a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study that was performed between 318 mothers with infants from 6 months to one year in 2020. The method of data collection was a researcher-made questionnaire whose reliability and validity were confirmed. It included demographic information and questions about measuring awareness, attitude, self-efficacy and performance in preventive behaviors of early childhood caries among mothers referring to comprehensive health service centers in Ahvaz. After entering the data in SPSS statistical software and using statistical tests such as Anova, T-test and Pearson correlation coefficient, the data were analyzed.
Results: In general, the mean scores of motherschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) awareness were 6.23±1.86, attitude was 38.48±4.85, self-efficacy was 20.91±3.14 and performance was 5.53±2.19. There was a significant correlation between awareness, attitude, self-efficacy and performance. There was also a significant relationship between parentschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) awareness and education and motherchr(chr('39')39chr('39'))s job (P <0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study based on moderate awareness and performance, and good attitude and self-efficacy of mothers and on the other hand the key role of mothers in preventive of early childhood caries, increasing mothers information through training classes in comprehensive health service centers and health bases are recommended.
Keywords: Early Childhood Caries (ECC), Infants, Mothers, Ahvaz
Full-Text [PDF 426 kb]   (89 Downloads)    
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2020/08/1 | Accepted: 2020/09/9 | Published: 2020/10/21
* Corresponding Author Address: hidarnia@modares.ac.ir

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