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Pirayeh L, Behzadipour S, Naghshvarian M, Mahmoudiyan H. Comparison of the Theory of Mind and False Beliefs in Patients with Major Depression Disorder, Bipolar Disorder I, II and Healthy Individuals . HEHP. 2018; 6 (1) :1-7
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-5-16751-en.html
1- Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, ‎Shiraz, Iran ‎
2- Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, ‎Shiraz, Iran ‎ , behzadi@iaushiraz.ac.ir
3- Neurology Department, Moharri Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4- Counseling Department, Welfare Organization of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (924 Views)
Aims: People usually experience the different ranges of mood states, and the combination of their emotional pretention is great in the same rate. The aim of this study was to compare the theory of mind and false beliefs in patients with major depression disorder, bipolar disorder I, II and healthy individuals.
Instrument & Methods: In this descriptive comparative study, 90 patients bedridden in Ostad Moharari Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, in 2013-2014, including 30 patients with major depression disorder, 30 patients with bipolar disorder I, and 30 patients with bipolar disorder II were selected by purposive sampling method. Thirty healthy individuals were also selected as a control group. "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" test and “Unexpected transfer task” test were used and the data were analyzed, by SPSS 19 software, using MANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc test.
Findings: The theory of mind in the studied groups was significantly different (P=0.001, F(6, 230)=7.1) in a way that it was significantly different between the major depression group and bipolar disorder I, II with the healthy group (p=0.001), But there was no significant difference among other three groups (p>0.05). The false belief showed no specific difference among 4 groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The score of theory of mind in the healthy group is higher than the major depression group and bipolar disorder I, II groups. However, there is no difference in the theory of mind among other three groups. Also, there is no difference in false belief among 4 groups.
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Received: 2017/08/25 | Accepted: 2017/11/20 | Published: 2018/01/2

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