Volume 6, Issue 4 (2018)                   HEHP 2018, 6(4): 143-147 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jorvand R, Haeri Mehrizi A, Sadeghirad K, Gholami O, Ansarian Z, Ghofranipour F et al . Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases among Employees of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. HEHP. 2018; 6 (4) :143-147
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-5-16331-en.html
1- Public Health Department, Health Faculty, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
3- Nursing Community Health Department, Nursing Faculty, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
4- Health Education Department, Health Faculty, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
5- Health Education & Health Promotion Department, Medical Sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (355 Views)
Aims: Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are the main causes of death and have the first place among other diseases throughout the world. Studying the situation of risk factors for CVDs seems necessary in Iran at various periods. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among the employees of Ilam University of Medical Sciences in order to design appropriate educational interventions.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, which was conducted in 2017, 294 employees of Ilam University of Medical Sciences participated after presenting written consent forms. To collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire was designed and applied after verifying the validity and reliability (Cronbach’s alpha greater than 0.8). Eventually, the data were analyzed, using SPSS 16 and appropriate statistical methods.
Findings: Generally, 46.3% of the participants had a history of CVDs, 21.8% had a history of death caused by these diseases in their family, and 69.4% had a history of death caused by CVD among their relatives; 72.4% of the participants did not exercise daily and the mean daily exercise of participants was 8.08±1.51 minutes. Totally, 41.5% of the participants were taking solid oil, 78.6% were high-fat dairy consumers, and 41.2% consumed red meat more than twice a week.
Conclusion: Performance of the participants in terms of physical activity and consuming fruits and vegetables, fish, red meat, and fatty foods is undesirable, indicating the unhealthy lifestyle of people and their exposure to CVDs.
Full-Text [PDF 411 kb]   (155 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Article |
Received: 2017/10/16 | Accepted: 2018/06/2 | Published: 2018/11/30

References
1. Gaziano TA. Reducing the growing burden of cardiovascular disease in the developing world. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007;26(1):13-24. [Link] [DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.26.1.13]
2. Gersh BJ, Sliwa K, Mayosi BM, Yusuf S. Novel therapeutic concepts: the epidemic of cardiovascular disease in the developing world: global implications. Eur Heart J. 2010;31(6):642-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehq030]
3. Samavat T, Hojatzadeh E, Shams M, Afkhami A, Mahdavi A, Bashti S, et al. Prevention and control of cardiovascular disease (for government employees). 2nd Edition. Tehran: Javan Publishers; 2012. p. 10. [Persian] [Link]
4. Karimi S, Javadi M, Jafarzadeh F. Economic burden and costs of chronic diseases in Iran and the world. Health Inf Manag. 2012;8(7):984-96. [Persian] [Link]
5. Khosravi A, Rao C, Naghavi M, Taylor R, Jafari N, Lopez AD. Impact of misclassification on measures of cardiovascular disease mortality in the Islamic Republic of Iran: A cross-sectional study. Bull World Health Organ. 2008;86(9):688-96. [Link] [DOI:10.2471/BLT.07.046532]
6. World Health Organization. World Heart Day [Internet]. Geneva: WHO; 2014 [cited 2018 Dec 10]. Available from: https://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/world-heart-day/en/ [Link]
7. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: A systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2015. Lancet. 2016;388(10053):1459-544. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1]
8. Imanipour M, Bassampour Sh, Haghani H. Relationship between preventive behaviors and knowledge regarding cardiovascular diseases. Hayat. 2008;14(2):41-9. [Persian] [Link]
9. Naghavi M, Jafari N. Mortality and morbidity in 29 provinces of the country, 2004. 1st Edition. Tehran: Arvij; 2007. p. 278. [Persian] [Link]
10. Anand SS, Yusuf S. Stemming the global tsunami of cardiovascular disease. Lancet. 2011;377(9765):529-32. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62346-X]
11. Anthony D, Baggott R, Tanner J, Jones K, Evans H, Perkins G, et al. Health, lifestyle, belief and knowledge differences between two ethnic groups with specific reference to tobacco, diet and physical activity. J Adv Nurs. 2012;68(11):2496-503. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.05948.x]
12. Neamatipoor E, Sabri A, Dahi F, Soltanipoor F. Changing risk and demographic factors of myocardial infarction in a decade (1371-1381) in three university hospital. Tehran Univ Med J. 2006;64(3):88-94. [Persian] [Link]
13. Ghazizadeh Hashemi SH, Larijany B, Members of Iranian National Committee for NCDs Prevention and Control. National action plan for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and the related risk factors in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2015-2025. Tehran: Aftabe Andisheh; 2015. p. 5. [Persian] [Link]
14. Malik SH, Blake H, Suggs LS. A systematic review of workplace health promotion interventions for increasing physical activity. Br J Health Psychol. 2014;19(1):149-80. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/bjhp.12052]
15. Vahedian Azimi A, Alhani F, Ahmadi F, Kazemnejad A. Effect of family-centered empowerment model on the life style of myocardial infarction patients. Iran J Crit Care Nurs. 2010;2(4):127-32. [Persian] [Link]
16. Matlabi M, Sharifi Rad GR, Mostafavi F, Mohebi S, Azadbakht L. Factors affecting fish consumption based on structures of health education. J Health Syst Res. 2012;8(4):523-36. [Persian] [Link]
17. Djalalinia SH, Kasaeian A, Peykari N, Modirian M, Ghajarieh Sepanlou S, Ghasemian A, et al . The Challenges and Lessons Learned Experiences of Six Round STEPs Surveys in Iran. Hakim Health Sys Res . 2017; 20(3):186-94.[ In Persian] [Link]
18. Moeini B, Rahimi M, Hazaveie SM, Allahverdi Pour H, Moghim Beigi A, Mohammadfam I. Effect of education based on trans-theoretical model on promoting physical activity and increasing physical work capacity. J Mil Med. 2010;12(3):123-30. [Link]
19. Momenan AA, Delshad M, Mirmiran P, Ghanbarian A, Safarkhani M, Azizi F. Physical inactivity and related factors in an adult Tehranian population (Tehran lipid and glucose study). Iran J Endocrinol Metab. 2012;13(5):493-503. [Persian] [Link]
20. Pirzadeh A, Sharifirad GR. A survey of healthy life styles in teachers in district 4 of Isfahan, Iran. J Health Syst Res. 2011;7(6):1075-81. [Persian] [Link]
21. Abdi J, Eftekhar H, Mahmoodi M, Shojaeizadeh D, Sadeghi R. Lifestyle of employees working in Hamadan departments: An application of the trans-theoretical model. J Educ Community Health. 2014;1(1):47-56. [Persian] [Link]
22. Charkazi A, Koochaki GM, Shahnazi H, Ekrami Z, Bahadori E. Lifestyle of teachers working in Gorgan city in 2009. J Health Syst Res. 2010;6(3):522-31. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code