Volume 10, Issue 4 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(4): 665-672 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (1089 Views)
Aims: The present study aimed to investigate the determinants of COVID-19 preventive behaviors among women of reproductive age in Urmia using a behavioral change model.
Instrument & Methods: The present descriptive-analytical study examined 400 women selected by the snowball and convenience sampling method. Data were collected using a valid and reliable electronic researcher-made questionnaire consisting of four sections (demographic characteristics, knowledge, model constructs, and preventive behaviors) and analyzed by the descriptive and inferential statistical methods by SPSS 16.
Findings: There was a positive correlation between COVID-19 preventive behaviors with self-efficacy (p<0.001, r=0.68), knowledge (r<0.26, p<0.001), cues to action (p<0.001, r=0.29), perceived benefits (p<0.001, r=0.43), perceived susceptibility (p=0.002, r=0.15), and  perceived severity (p<0.001, r=0.20), and a negative and significant correlation with perceived barriers (p<0.001, r=-0.32). The constructs of the health belief model predicted 50% of the variance of preventive behaviors, and the self-efficacy construct (p<0.001, β=0.5388) was the strongest predictor.
Conclusion: Given the effective role of the research model in explaining the determinants of the COVID-19 preventive behaviors, the health belief model (HBM) and effective constructs can be used in educational planning and interventions.
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Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Education and Health Behavior
Received: 2022/01/27 | Accepted: 2022/07/25 | Published: 2022/09/17
* Corresponding Author Address: School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Postal Code: - (adidarloo@yahoo.com)

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