Volume 10, Issue 2 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(2): 265-269 | Back to browse issues page

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Fallahi S, Hesam A, Arabi A, Shojaee A, Zoghi G, Hesam M, et al . The Self-Report Symptoms of COVID-19 in Iranian Population Through a Teleconsultation-Based Service. Health Educ Health Promot. 2022; 10 (2) :265-269
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-54525-en.html
1- Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2- National Center for Health Insurance Research, Iran Health Insurance Organization, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Management Sciences and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Middle East College, Muscat, Oman
5- National Center for Health Insurance Research, Iran Health Insurance Organization, Tehran, Iran , ayoobian@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (342 Views)
Aims: COVID-19 has affected a worldwide population, causing more than a million deaths from the end of 2019 until now; so the aim of this study was to determine the symptoms of COVID-19 in the Iranian population through a teleconsultation-based service to better deal with it.
Instrument & Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study that included 12125 individuals calling for COVID-19 screening and consultation from 2 March 2020 to 19 April 2020 with the census method. A telephone number was assigned for consultation with more than 70 nurses responding to first-level questions and more than 30 medical doctors responding to second-level questions. For statistical analysis, a chi-squared test and univariate logistic regression with SPSS 25 were used.
Finding: Cough was the most common complaint (41.3%), followed by shortness of breath (32.8%), and fever (31.5%). Confusion was the least common complaint (1.6%). Binary logistic regression revealed that men were at a higher risk of COVID-19 compared to women (OR:1.31, 95% CI 1.10-1.55, p=0.002). In addition, older age was a risk factor for COVID-19 (OR:1.02, 95% CI 1.02-1.03, p<0.001). Also, significant positive correlations were found between fever, chills, sore throat, shortness of breath, cough, body ache, and gastrointestinal symptoms with COVID-19 even after adjustment for gender and age.
Conclusion: Fever, cough, and shortness of breath were the most common complaints in individuals calling for COVID-19 teleconsultation. It’s suggested that in times of crisis, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, remote sensing can be done to raise public awareness and break the transmission chain.
Article number: 8
Full-Text [PDF 414 kb]   (99 Downloads)    
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Health Promotion Setting
Received: 2021/08/2 | Accepted: 2022/01/28 | Published: 2022/05/31

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