Volume 10, Issue 1 (2022)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(1): 1-7 | Back to browse issues page

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Zareban I, Rahmani A, Allahqoli L, Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Hashemian M, Khayyati F, et al . Effect of Education Based on Trans-Theoretical Model in Social Media on Students with Gingivitis; a Randomized Controlled Trial. Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (1) :1-7
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-50157-en.html
1- Health Promotion Research Centre, Zahedan University of medical sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2- Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Spiritual Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- Department of Public Health & Health Education, Faculty of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran , hashemian.research@gmail.com
6- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
7- Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia
8- School of Health Professions, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland
9- Health Network of Sanandaj, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (1086 Views)
Aims: Social media has increasingly been used as a tool to deliver health education. This study examined the effect of a Telegram delivered oral health education program on self-efficacy, perceived benefits and barriers, gingival index, motivational beliefs, and dental cleaning behavior among students with gingivitis.
Materials & Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted in Sanandaj city, Iran, from January to December 2019. A total of 160 students were recruited from 8 schools and randomized into intervention and control groups. An oral health education program aimed at increasing dental cleaning behavior was developed based on the trans-theoretical model. The program consisted of 9 sessions delivered via a social media app called Telegram for 24 weeks. Outcomes included dental cleaning behavior, perceived self-efficacy, benefits, barriers, motivational beliefs, and gingival index, measured at baseline and 24 weeks after the intervention.
Findings: There were significant differences between the intervention and the control groups in the mean scores of perceived self-efficacy (p=0.01), perceived benefits (p=0.01), motivational beliefs (p=0.01), and gingival index (p=0.01) after the intervention. Further, 71.3% (n=57) of students in the intervention group (versus 10.1% (n=10) in the control group) performed the dental cleaning behavior after intervention (p<0.01).
Conclusion: The findings showed that an oral health education program delivered via social media apps could improve students' oral health. Social media apps could reach a broad range of users, thus could improve access to oral health education programs.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Promotion Approaches
Received: 2021/11/14 | Accepted: 2021/05/26 | Published: 2021/01/24
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Public Health & Health Education, Faculty of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran Postal code: 9613873136

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