Volume 9, Issue 1 (2021)                   Health Educ Health Promot 2021, 9(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Hamidi F, Otoufati Roudi M. Design and Effectiveness of Philosophizing on Cognitive Flexibility and Proactive Inhibition of Preschool Children. Health Educ Health Promot. 2021; 9 (1)
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-47956-en.html
1- Associate Professor of Psychology, Educational Sciences Department, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran. , fhamidi@sru.ac.ir
2- M.A in Educational Psychology, Educational Sciences Department, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (123 Views)
Aims:The present study aimed at designing the training program of philosophizing and investigating its effectiveness on cognitive flexibility as executive function and proactive inhibition  in preschool children.
Participants & Methods: The methodology used in this study was experimental with pretest posttest and control group. The statistical population consisted of all preschool children in Mashhad. 40 subjects were selected by two-stages cluster random sampling method and were randomly divided in two experimental and control groups. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Stroop test were used to investigate the executive functions. The training program of philosophizing was designed and children in the experimental group participated in a 20-session program (each session 25 minutes). The children in the control group received no training.
Findings: The results of covariance analysis on the scores of cognitive flexibility and proactive inhibition  of the posttests of the experimental and control groups showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the experimental and control groups in cognitive flexibility (P <0.01). The rate of these changes was 57% based on the chi-square.
Conclusions: Therefore, it is considered that the training program of philosophizing can be an important factor for promoting the level of cognitive flexibility and proactive inhibition of preschool children and make them enables to understand the concepts in a new and different ways.
     
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health Promotion Approaches
Received: 2020/11/27 | Accepted: 2020/12/24 | Published: 2021/01/12
* Corresponding Author Address: Educational Sciences Department, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Lavizan, Tehran, Iran, Postal code: 1678815811

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