Volume 8, Issue 4 (2020)                   HEHP 2020, 8(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Kabiri B, Hidarnia A, Mirzaei Alavijeh M, Motlagh M E, Montazeri A. Family-centered social cognitive factors preventing primary teeth caries in children based on intervention mapping approach. HEHP. 2020; 8 (4)
URL: http://hehp.modares.ac.ir/article-5-45531-en.html
1- Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran , b.kabiri@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- School of Medicine, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5- Population Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (136 Views)
Background: Given the increasing prevalence of primary teeth caries in Iran and the importance of providing evidence- and theory-based family-centered prevention programs, the present study aimed to determine the family-centered social cognitive factors preventing deciduous teeth caries among children using the intervention mapping protocol.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 240 Iranian mothers in Ilam who were randomly selected to participate in the study. The data were collected using a self-designed questionnaire including items on demographic information and social cognitive constructs (knowledge, attitude, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, practice guidance, perceived self-efficacy, behavioral intention, subjective norms, and social norms). The questionnaire was completed by mothers, and the data were analyzed  by performing one way analysis of variance, and linear regression.
Results: The results obtained from linear regression analysis showed that perceived self-efficacy (B=0.295, p<0.001), perceived barriers (B=0.084, p<0.028), practice guidance (B=0.774, p<0.001), and social norms (B=0.137, p<0.020) accounted for 71% of the behavioral intention variance and were the most important predictors for preventing primary teeth caries among children.
Conclusion: The findings suggest that perceived self-efficacy, perceived barriers, Cuse to action, and social norms are essential for developing family-centered programs to prevent primary teeth caries in children.
Keywords: Mothers, oral health, health promotion, educational programs
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Oral Health Education/Promotion
Received: 2020/08/26 | Accepted: 2020/10/10 | Published: 2020/06/1

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